Symptoms Of Borderline Personality Disorder


Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a mental health condition that can cause real problems for individuals that suffer with it. This is partly because people do not fully understand the symptoms. It is typical for those with BPD to have an unstable sense of self worth, with rapidly changing emotions and difficult personal relationships. Their moods can change very quickly between very elated to terribly low.

The following list is an overview of some of the most common symptoms associated with this difficult disorder.

1. Rapidly Changing Emotions.

Emotions can be very unstable, with swings between highs and low. Typical feelings include:

  • Elation
  • Excitement
  • Anxiety
  • Intense anger and rage
  • Shame
  • Panic
  • Fear
  • Sorrow

2. Unstable Personal Relationships

Often the main loving relationship is an unstable as the mood swings. Sufferers of BPD can place very high expectations on their primary relationship, making it very intense. They may feel dissatisfied when they do not receive the love that they believe they deserve. Their behavior towards their partner can be very demanding and ‘clingy’. It is typical for them to phone and text their loved one constantly, call them at random hours of the night, physically hold onto them and even make threats to self harm if they want more attention, or think they might leave.

3. Terror at The Thought of Abandonment

Those with BPD like to feel secure and certain about their plans and relationships. If anything feels uncertain, or plans change last minute they can feel extremely distressed. Separation anxiety is not unusual, and feelings of panic if there is any perception of rejection.

4. No Fixed Personality

Individuals suffering with BPD may experience sudden and dramatic shifts in their self image. They may totally change their opinions, careers, sexual identity and friends with no obvious reason or warning.

5. Constant Feeling of Emptiness

It is widely reported that BDP sufferers have an endless feeling of emptiness that they cannot fill. This manifests itself in boredom, anxiety, restlessness and fidgeting. They may sometimes isolate themselves in order to escape the emotions they feel from constantly misunderstanding people. They also have a tendency towards dysphoria, which is defined as a profound sense of unease and dissatisfaction.

6. Deluded Thought Patterns

Delusion and disturbed patterns of thinking are a common symptom of BPD. Individuals may experience upsetting thoughts – including that they do not actually exist or are a bad person.

They may also be faced with strange occurrences such as hearing voices. This is often accompanied by instructions, for example to perform actions, or cause harm to themselves or others. It can be difficult to distinguish whether these experiences are real.

Hallucinations may also occur, with out of body experiences, and paranoid beliefs that the individual is under serious threat and in danger, even when with family for example. These more severe symptoms can be a sign that the disorder is becoming more serious, and professional help should be sought.

7. Depression

Depression is a very real illness, causing heavy feelings of prolonged melancholy that can be a further symptom of BPD. It can affect an individual in many ways, including their ability to work, study, socialize and even eat.

8. Dissociative Disorder

Dissociative Disorder is often recognized by its former name, Multiple Personality Disorder, and this can be another symptom of BPD. It is a situation where an individual changes between two or more very distinct personality states. They do not have clear memory of behavior occurring in each state.

9. Impulsivity

Another common symptom of BPD seen in many suffers of this illness is dramatic impulsivity. This can be across different areas of their lives, but most notably occurs with reckless spending of money and promiscuity. They may also gamble, binge eat, drive irresponsibly and abuse substances.

10. Self Harm and Suicidal Thoughts

Sometimes the intense feelings of anger experienced by sufferers of BPD can manifest into self mutilation, including cutting and burning. This can also lead to suicidal thoughts, which may include threats and attempts to take their own life.

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