Depression: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, and Treatment

Published on June 6th, 2018

Updated on January 2nd, 2024

Depression: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, and Treatment

When you hear the word depression, you may picture someone who is very blue or sad. This image is often associated with depression, but sadness and feeling down in the dumps is not the only way depressed people feel. Depression can cause many uncomfortable feelings, so it is important to seek help if you recognize signs of a depressed mood. 

Depression can be a temporary or chronic condition that is more than just sadness. It creates many other negative feelings, like numbness, despondence, and low self-esteem. Some even describe it as feeling like there is a constant weight or pressure on their shoulders or in their chest. Depression is a heavy and sometimes debilitating condition. It can be very challenging to live with when you do not have proper coping skills.

Symptoms Of Depression

Symptoms of depression are challenging to live with. They affect many areas of a person’s life and make each day challenging. Symptoms of depression are manageable, but take a lot of effort to control. Typically, a person needs help from a mental health professional when they are learning how to cope with their depressed mood. 

Affordable Online Therapy

Choose a therapist to work with and start healing with 20% off from BetterHelp.

Click Here

There are many different symptoms for depression that range from mild to severe. Such symptoms include:

Causes And Risk Factors Of Depression

Many factors contribute to the onset of depression. Some cases of depression are situational, while others are based on prolonged issues. Each type of depression is triggered by different circumstances.

Common causes and risk factors of depression include:

Difficulty coping with stress and challenging circumstances

It is important to have proper coping skills for stress, but sometimes stress can be difficult to control. Unexpected or overwhelming challenges in life can be difficult to cope with, and some may develop a depressed mood as a result. 

Different circumstances can cause a person to feel depressed. Such circumstances include:

People who struggle with these kinds of changes often feel out of control. Their mood changes and they may struggle to come to terms with the challenges they face. This struggle can result in a depressed mood. 


Certain environments can cause a person to feel depressed. If a person grows up in a chaotic or abusive environment, they are at higher risk of suffering from depression. 

Depression can also occur from a change in the environment. A person can feel depressed while adjusting to a move or new living situation. A person may also begin to feel depressed in the winter months. This experience is referred to as seasonal depression or seasonal affective disorder.

How We Hide Depression

Family history of depression

Depression and mood disorders can run in families. A person is at higher risk for depression if they have a family member who suffers from anxiety, depression, or another mental health issue. Inheriting depression can be due to the following:

Treatment Of Depression

Depression is common and has the potential to affect an affected person’s overall health and wellness. That is why it is important to talk to your doctor about treatment for depression. A doctor will be able to make recommendations based on your symptoms.

Your doctor will likely recommend attending therapy. Therapy will help you cope with emotional issues related to depression. Psychiatric medication may also be recommended.

Therapeutic techniques that help with depression include:

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT). DBT is a form of therapy that uses mindfulness exercises to teach healthy thought and emotional patterns. DBT can help by teaching you how to cope with your thoughts and feelings when depressed.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). CBT helps you understand how your thoughts and behaviors can influence your depression. It will also teach you how to restructure your thoughts to be less harmful to your self-esteem.

Talk therapy. Many people who are depressed feel that talking about their depression helps. They report feeling better after being able to talk about how things in their lives affect them. This form of therapy is particularly useful for depression that occurs from environmental influences or unexpected changes. 

Need to talk to someone?

Find an affordable therapist online with 20% off from BetterHelp.

Click Here

Link To This Article

Leave A Reply